*

Dystocia occurs in 16.7% of first calf heifers and 2.7% of mature cows.

*

The #1 cause of infertility is failure to detect estrus.

*

Missed Part 1?

*

One-third of all dairy cows are thought to have mastitis, at a cost of $444 per case.

*

Genetic selection of dairy cows with higher milk production has resulted in an increase in reproductive complications.

*

38% of Persians and 6% of cats worldwide carry a defective gene for polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

*

One-third of Maine coon cats have a highly penetrant, autosomal dominant mutation causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

*

There are 336 known genetic traits/disorders in cats.

*

Today, there are 698 known canine genetic traits/disorders. (Only 229 are known in horses).


*

More than 400 canine genetic disorders are potential models of human disease.

*

The USDA keeps a comprehensive National List of Reportable Animal Diseases (NLRAD) that is updated annually.


*

Worldwide, rabid dogs are the source of greater than 90% of the human exposures to rabies.

*

There are 31 reportable diseases in Canada; US reportable diseases are similar but vary slightly state to state.


*

Remember, almost EVERY vesicular disease of livestock IS REPORTABLE.

*

The most common cause of 5/5 lameness is foot abscess, NOT fracture


*

Most lamenesses are forelimb. They carry 60% of the horse's weight.

*

Lameness is the MOST common reason horses are retired or sold for different careers.


*

90% of all equine lameness is in the foot!

*

Which pig diarrhea costs nearly $1.8 billion per year in losses?


*

Neonatal diarrhea is a classic topic for NAVLE® questions.

*

Which disease causes a $300 million productivity loss in the U.S.?


*

Zuku has your pig-me-up for NAVLE®!