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38% of Persians and 6% of cats worldwide carry a defective gene for polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

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One-third of Maine coon cats have a highly penetrant, autosomal dominant mutation causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

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There are 336 known genetic traits/disorders in cats.

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Today, there are 698 known canine genetic traits/disorders. (Only 229 are known in horses).


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More than 400 canine genetic disorders are potential models of human disease.

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The USDA keeps a comprehensive National List of Reportable Animal Diseases (NLRAD) that is updated annually.


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Worldwide, rabid dogs are the source of greater than 90% of the human exposures to rabies.

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There are 31 reportable diseases in Canada; US reportable diseases are similar but vary slightly state to state.


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Remember, almost EVERY vesicular disease of livestock IS REPORTABLE.

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The most common cause of 5/5 lameness is foot abscess, NOT fracture


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Most lamenesses are forelimb. They carry 60% of the horse's weight.

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Lameness is the MOST common reason horses are retired or sold for different careers.


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90% of all equine lameness is in the foot!

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Which pig diarrhea costs nearly $1.8 billion per year in losses?


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Neonatal diarrhea is a classic topic for NAVLE® questions.

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Which disease causes a $300 million productivity loss in the U.S.?


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Zuku has your pig-me-up for NAVLE®!

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Only 6% of NAVLE® test questions cover pigs.


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Guess which NAVLE® topic stresses vets out the most? "PIGS"

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If you see a pet vomiting, call emetic!


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In 2016, the Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) fielded over 12,000 calls from pet owners about insecticide poisoning and 9,800 calls about rodenticides.